Macromastia, also referred to as hypertrophy of breast, is a rare connective tissue disorder in which the breast becomes enormously large that it weighs more than 600 grams. Some experts attributed the condition with an unusually high level of progesterone, estrogen, and prolactin or heightened sensitivity to these female hormones.
A significant number of macromastia patients develop the condition after pregnancy because of the sudden changes in hormonal levels; in fact, studies have shown that it occurs to one out of 28,000 to 100,000 mothers worldwide.
Large, heavy breasts are not just cosmetically displeasing as they can also lead to physical symptoms such as poor body posture, headaches, skin irritation along the crease and cleavage, back pain, neck and shoulder tension, and stress along the bra-strap which may lead to wound and scarring.
Plastic surgery is the only permanent solution which can address the symptoms related to macromastia. In fact, some states require breast reduction surgery coverage for women who will meet these following criteria: 1.) suffering from pain and discomfort 2.) need to remove at least 300 grams of excess glandular tissue, fats, and skin 3.) near ideal body weight 4.) have tried other non-surgical treatments such as physical therapy and weight loss to provide relief from physical symptoms which have all failed.
Breast reduction surgery aims to remove the excess skin, fats, and tissue in order to decrease the weight and volume of each breast while still preserving most of the primary nerves especially in the nipples. But due to the extensiveness of the incisions, there is still a chance that the procedure will affect the breastfeeding functions and nipple sensation.
Nowadays, there are several incision patterns used in breast reduction surgery, however, the traditional or anchor-shaped incision is still considered as the best approach in treating macromastia. As its name suggests, the technique involves excisions that are shaped like a nautical anchor: around the areola, between the nipple and crease, and across the entire crease.
Through these incisions, plastic surgeons are able to remove the extra tissues, fats, and skin while still providing enough blood supply to the breasts. If needed, the surgery can also minimize the size of areola and relocate this to a new, higher position to further make the result appear more natural.
After removing the excess tissue, the incisions are closed with tiny sutures which will also support the new shape and provide an anchor to the remaining tissue and skin.
Make Boobs Bigger Blogger @ July 10, 2011